Research Paper Submission Categories


Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) topic highlights advances in the field with a focus on design automation and designs at the cross section between machine learning (ML) and AI algorithms and hardware. While artificial intelligence and artificial neural network research has been ongoing for more than half a century, recent advances in accelerating the pace and scale of machine learning enabled by tensor-flow based gradient optimization in deeply layered convolutional networks (convnets) are revolutionizing the impact of artificial intelligence on every aspect of our daily lives, ranging from smart consumer electronics and services to self-navigating cars and personalized medicine. These advances in deep learning are fueled by computing architectures tailored to the distributed nature of learning and inference in neural networks, akin to the distributed nature of neural information processing and synaptic plasticity in the biological brain. Neuromorphic brain-inspired electronics for ML/AI aim at porting the brain's efficacy, efficiency, and resilience to noise and variability to electronic equivalents in standard CMOS and emerging technologies, offering new design challenges and opportunities to advance computing architecture beyond Moore's law scaling limits.

AI sessions at DAC will highlight the fundamentals, accomplishments to date, and challenges ahead in AI algorithms and system design, as well as design automation, providing a forum for researchers and engineers across all of the widely varying disciplines involved to connect, engage, and join in shaping the future of this exciting field.Artificial intelligence (AI) topic highlights the advances in the field with a focus on machine learning model development, AI inspired models of computation, security aspects related to AI/ML, and application of AI to autonomous systems. While artificial intelligence and artificial neural network research has been ongoing for more than half a century, recent advances in accelerating the pace and scale of machine learning (ML) and deep neural networks (DNNs) are revolutionizing the impact of artificial intelligence on every aspect of our daily lives, ranging from smart consumer electronics to personalized medicine and services.

The AI sessions at DAC focus on the fundamentals, accomplishments to date, and challenges ahead in models, algorithms, applications, and security/privacy issues, providing a forum for researchers and practitioners across all the widely varying disciplines involved to connect, engage, and join in shaping the future of this exciting field.

AI1. AI/ML Algorithms

AI1.1    Hardware-aware ML model development
AI1.2    Efficient ML training, inference, and serving
AI1.3    Approximation techniques for neural network training and inference
AI1.4    Testing, debugging, and monitoring of ML applications
AI1.5    Interpretability and explainability for ML models

AI2. AI/ML Application and Infrastructure

AI2.1    Application-driven Al/ML learning/models/inferences
AI2.2     Application-driven approximations in design for AI/ML 
AI2.3    Infrastructures for AI (datasets, implementations)\
AI2.4     Interpretability and explainability for ML applications

AI3. AI/ML Security/Privacy

AI3.1    Privacy and security for AI/ML applications
AI3.2    AI/ML-based attacks and defenses
AI3.3    Adversarial machine learning attacks and defenses
AI3.4     AI/ML for cyber defense
AI3.5    Fairness for AI/ML applications

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Autonomous Systems

Electronic content in modern autonomous systems (e.g., automotive, robotics, drones, etc.) is growing at an increasingly rapid pace. Nearly every aspect of these complex systems uses smart electronics and embedded software to make our experiences safer, more energy-efficient and enjoyable. For example, premium vehicles can have several million lines of embedded software code running on hundreds of electronic control units. Within autonomous systems, such as automotive, these subsystems connect with one another by in-system networks. As the trend towards fully autonomous driving and connectivity accelerates, the ability to deliver these innovations depends more than ever on advanced electronics and software development.

AS1. Autonomous Systems (Automotive, Robotics, Drones)

AS1.1 Autonomous Systems Design Tools and Methodologies
AS1.2 Autonomous Systems Architectures
AS1.3 Autonomous Systems Safety and Reliability
AS1.4 Silicon health monitoring and predictive maintenance

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DAC has served as a meeting place for designers of electronic systems and providers of electronic design automation tools for over five decades. Increasingly, the challenges faced by the industry require cross-domain interaction of researchers and practitioners working on electronic design (circuit, architecture, and embedded systems design) and researchers working on design methodologies and tools. 

The design topics covered in the research track include the design of cyber-physical, SoC architectures, in-memory and near-memory computing architectures, AI/ML hardware and systems, digital and analog circuits, emerging device technologies, and quantum computing.

Separately the Engineering Tracks allows tool users to share challenges and benefits of different tools, flows, and methodologies. In addition, it provides excellent opportunities for education and networking between end users and tool developers. There is no other way to improve your “design IQ” in such a short amount of time than to attend the Engineering Tracks.

DES1. Design of Cyber-physical Systems and IoT

DES1.1 Cyber-physical systems and Internet-of-Things (IoT) platforms
DES1.2 Low-power and energy-efficient design techniques for IoT
DES1.3 Partitioned Edge/hub/cloud processing
DES1.4 Dependable and safety-critical embedded system design
DES1.5 Networking and storage system design
DES1.6 Advanced wireless communication system design

DES2. SoC, Heterogeneous, and Reconfigurable Architectures

DES2.1 Architectures for stochastic, statistical and approximate computing
DES2.2 SoC and heterogeneous multi- and many-core architectures
DES2.3 Run-time and design-time reconfigurable processor architectures
DES2.4 2.5D/3D heterogeneous integration of compute, memory and communication platforms
DES2.5 Fault-tolerant architectures

DES3A. In-memory and Near-memory Computing Circuits 

DES3A.1 Circuit techniques for near- or in-memory processing
DES3A.2 Memory and storage technologies for near- or in-memory processing, 
DES3A.3 Emerging technologies for in-memory and near-memory computing
DES3A.4 Circuit-Inspired architectures for in/near-memory computing

DES3B. In-memory and Near-memory Computing Architectures, Applications and Systems

DES3B.1 Near- or in-memory data management and processing models
DES3B.2 Architectures for near- or in-memory processing
DES3B.3 Memory and storage architectures for near- or in-memory processing
DES3B.4 Data reorganization engines for specific applications
DES3B.5 System/architecture interaction, execution model, interfaces
DES3B.6 Specialized architectures for key workloads taking advantage of near- and -in-memory processing

DES4. AI/ML Architecture Design

DES4.1 AI/ML accelerator, processing engine design and architecture
DES4.2 Application-specific AI/ML architectures
DES4.3 Approximation techniques for hardware architecture    

DES5.  AI/ML System and Platform Design

DES5.1 Hardware/software codesign and co-optimization
DES5.2 Specialized AI/ML system design
DES5.3 Architecture-algorithm co-design for approximate computing
DES5.4 AI/ML system modeling and simulation methodologies
DES5.5 Evaluation and measurement of AI/ML systems

DES6. Emerging Models of Computation

DES6.1 Biologically-based or biologically-inspired computing systems
DES6.2 Design automation for system & synthetic biology
DES6.3 Neuromorphic and brain-inspired computing
DES6.4 Neuromorphic and brain-inspired processors
DES6.5  Neuromorphic and brain-inspired circuits 

DES7. AL/ML, Digital, and Analog  Circuits

DES7.1 AI/ML circuits 
DES7.2 Digital circuits and systems
DES7.3 Analog circuits and data converters 
DES7.4 RF, wireless & wireline circuits and systems
DES7.5 Imagers, MEMS, medical, and display circuits
DES7.6 Memory design
DES7.7 Power management circuits
DES7.8 2.5-D and 3-D integrated circuit designs

DES8. Emerging Device  and Interconnect Technologies

DES8.1 New transistor structures
DES8.2 Beyond-CMOS devices (e.g., steep-slope devices, spintronics)
DES8.3 New process technologies (e.g. superconducting)
DES8.4 Nanotechnologies, nanowires, nanotubes
DES8.5 Emerging non-volatile memory devices

DES9. Quantum Computing

DES9.1 Quantum computing applications and algorithms
DES9.2 Quantum computing hardware architecture and design
DES9.3 Quantum computing technology
DES9.4 EDA for quantum computing systems

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Electronic Design Automation (EDA)

EDA (Electronics Design Automation) is becoming ever more important with the continuous scaling of semiconductor devices and the growing complexities of their use in circuits and systems. Demands for lower-power, higher-reliability and more agile electronic systems raise new challenges to both design and design automation of such systems. For the past five decades, the primary focus of research track at DAC has been to showcase leading-edge research and practice in tools and methodologies for the design of circuits and systems.

In addition to the traditional EDA topics ranges from physical design to system architectures, DAC features high-quality papers on design research, design practices, and design automation for cross-cutting topics including low-power, reliability, multicore/application specific/heterogeneous architectures, 3-D integrations, emerging device technologies, design automation of “things”, and their applications. The track also highlights the advances of AI/ML techniques in the field of design automation. DAC’s EDA technical program has been ensuring the best-in-class solutions that promise to advance EDA.

EDA1. Design Methodologies for System-on-Chip and 3D/2.5D System-in Package

EDA1.1 3D/2.5D SoC/package and communication technologies
EDA1.2 System-on-Chip (SoC) specification, modeling, analysis, simulation, and verification
EDA1.3 Application-specific processor design tools
EDA1.4 Design tools for accelerator-rich architectures and heterogeneous multi-cores
EDA1.5 Tools for reconfigurable computing
EDA1.6 HW/SW co-design, interface synthesis, and co-verification
EDA1.7 System-level methods for reliability and aging
EDA1.8 In-Package and On-Chip Communication architecture modeling and analysis
EDA1.9 Synthesis and optimization of communication architectures
EDA1.10 NoC architectures and design methodologies
EDA1.11 Communication architectures using alternative technologies (e.g., nanophotonics, RF)

EDA2. Design Verification and Validation

EDA2.1 Functional and transaction-level modeling and validation, coverage and test generation for hardware and embedded systems
EDA2.2 Emulation and hardware acceleration
EDA2.3 Formal and semi-formal verification and verification technologies
EDA2.4 Verification of firmware, software, and hybrid hardware/software systems
EDA2.5 Machine learning techniques for verification
EDA2.6 Validation of cognitive systems
EDA2.7 Verification on the cloud

EDA3. Timing and Power Analysis and Optimization

EDA3.1 System-level low-power design analysis and management
EDA3.2 Architectural power reduction techniques and analysis tools
EDA3.3 Low-power circuit design methods and tools
EDA3.4 Thermal analysis and management
EDA3.5 Timing analysis and simulation/delay modeling
EDA3.6 Power/signal integrity and noise analysis
EDA3.7 Process technology modeling
EDA3.8 Timing, power, and thermal analysis and optimization for 3D/2.5D

EDA4 . RTL/Logic Level and High-level Synthesis 

EDA4.1 Combinational, sequential and asynchronous logic synthesis    
EDA4.2 Technology mapping, cell-based design and optimization
EDA4.3 High-level, behavioral, algorithmic, and architectural synthesis, “C” to gates tools and methods
EDA4.4 Synthesis for FPGAs
EDA4.5 Synthesis for circuits in emerging device technologies
EDA4.6 Synthesis on the cloud

 EDA5. Analog CAD, Simulation, Verification and Test

EDA5.1 Analog, mixed-signal, and RF design methodologies
EDA5.2 Automated synthesis, place and route, and optimization of analog designs
EDA5.3 Analog, mixed-signal, RF, electromagnetic, substrate noise modeling and simulation
EDA5.4 Model order reduction techniques for analog/RF designs

EDA6. Physical Design and Verification

EDA6.1 Floorplanning, partitioning, placement, and routing
EDA6.2 Interconnect and clock network planning and synthesis
EDA6.3 Cross-layer placement and routing optimization for timing/power/yield
EDA6.4 Physical design of 3D/2.5D IC and package (e.g., TSV, interposer, monolithic)
EDA6.5 Layout optimization for optical interconnects
EDA6.6 Layout verification 
EDA6.7 Physical design on the cloud

EDA7. Design for Manufacturability and Reliability 

EDA7.1 Design-technology co-optimization (DTCO)
EDA7.2  Standard and custom cell design and optimization
EDA7.3 Process technology characterization, extraction, and modeling
EDA7.4 Reticle enhancement, lithography-related design optimizations and design rule checking
EDA7.5 Design for manufacturability, yield, defect tolerance, cost issues, and DFM impact
EDA7.6 Device-, gate, and circuit-level techniques for reliability analysis and optimization (e.g., soft error, aging, etc.)
EDA7.7 3D/2.5D manufacturability and reliability, including mechanical stress 
EDA7.8 Post-Layout optimizations

EDA8. Test, Validation and Silicon Lifecycle Management

EDA8.1 Fault modeling, ATPG, DFT, BIST, compression
EDA8.2 Memory, FPGA, and emerging technology test and reliability
EDA8.3 SoC, board- and system-level test
EDA8.4 Post-silicon test, optimization, and defect diagnosis
EDA8.5 Post-silicon validation and debug
EDA8.6 Test for analog/mixed-signal/RF circuits
EDA8.7 Silicon lifecycle management and system sustainability

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Embedded Systems & Software (ESS)

Embedded system design is the art of choosing and designing the proper combination of hardware and software components to achieve system level design goals like speed, efficiency, reliability, security, and safety. Embedded systems are an increasingly diverse, disruptive, and challenging field for designs ranging from mobile devices, medical devices, automotive, robotics, drones, industrial and beyond. Embedded software is built into devices that may not necessarily be recognized as computing devices (e.g., thermostats, toys, defibrillators, and anti-lock brakes), but nevertheless controls the functionality and perceived quality of these devices.

The ESS sessions at DAC provide a forum for discussing the challenges of embedded design and an opportunity for leaders in the industry and academia to come together to exchange ideas and roadmaps for the future for this rapidly expanding area.

ESS1. Embedded Software

ESS1.1 Embedded software verification methodologies
ESS1.2 Embedded operating systems, middleware, runtime support, resource management, and virtual machines
ESS1.3 Software techniques for multicores, GPUs, and multithreaded embedded architectures
ESS1.4 Compilation strategies, code transformation and parallelization techniques for embedded systems
ESS1.5 Domain-specific embedded libraries (e.g., for machine learning)
ESS1.6 Embedded Software Development Case Studies (e.g., ANDROID development, ARM-based systems, RISC-V based systems etc.)

ESS2. Embedded System Design Tools and Methodologies

ESS2.1 Embedded system specification, virtual prototyping and simulation
ESS2.2 Embedded system synthesis and optimization
ESS2.3 Analysis of embedded system QoS metrics - performance, battery life, reliability, etc.
ESS2.4 Design methodologies for self-aware, self-adaptive and autonomous embedded systems
ESS2.5 Design methodology for mobile, wearable and Internet of Things devices

ESS3. Embedded Memory and Storage Systems

ESS3.1 On-chip memory architectures and management: Scratchpads, compiler controlled memories, etc.
ESS3.2 Embedded storage systems organization and management
ESS3.3 Memory and Storage hierarchies with emerging memory technologies

ESS4. Time-Critical and Fault Tolerant System Design

ESS4.1 Real-time analysis and tool flows
ESS4.2 WCET methods and tools for embedded hardware/software systems
ESS4.3 Mixed-Criticality system design
ESS4.4 Fault-tolerant embedded system design

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Security sessions at DAC address an urgent need to create, analyze, evaluate, and improve the hardware, embedded systems and software base of the contemporary security solutions. Secure and trustworthy software and hardware components, platforms and supply chains are vital to all domains including financial, healthcare, transportation, and energy. Security of systems is becoming equally important. A revolution is underway in many industries that are “connecting the unconnected”. 

Cyber physical systems, e.g., automobiles, smart grid, medical devices, etc., are taking advantage of integration of physical systems with the information systems. Not withstanding the numerous benefits, these systems are appealing targets of attacks. Attacks on the cyber-part of such systems can have disastrous consequences in the physical world. The scope and variety of attacks on these systems present design challenges that span embedded hardware, software, networking, and system design.

Security topics will be featured through invited special sessions, panels, and lecture/poster presentations by both practitioners and researchers to share their knowledge and experience on this evolving environment.

SEC1. Hardware Security: Primitives, Architecture, Design & Test

SEC1.1 Hardware security primitives for cryptography, key generation, and authentication
SEC1.2 Trusted IP and system-on-chip (SoC) design and manufacturing
SEC1.3 Emerging technologies (Nanoscale devices, 3D, etc.) and security
SEC1.4 Hardware security verification, validation and test
SEC1.5 Post-quantum crypto algorithms and implementations
SEC1.6: Design automation for security and privacy preserving

SEC2. Hardware Security: Attack and Defense

SEC2.1 Hardware-enabled side-channel attacks and defenses
SEC2.2 Hardware supply chain protection and anti-counterfeiting
SEC2.3 Reverse engineering and hardware obfuscation
SEC2.4     AI/ML-based hardware attacks and defenses

SEC3. Embedded and Cross-Layer Security 

SEC3.1 Embedded architecture, software and system-level techniques for security and privacy
SEC3.2 Cyber-physical systems, IoT and edge security
SEC3.3 Embedded security: metrics, models, verification and validation
SEC3.4 Cloud security
SEC3.5 Software-driven side-channel attacks and defenses
SEC3.6 Privacy preserving computing

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